Which State is Best for Migration: Comparing Australian States Where it Matters

 

Contemplating a move to Australia?

 

Australia is the sixth largest country measuring 7,692 024 km2.  It may just have the right state or region that would be best for you and your family.

 

Before you pack your bags, here is a list of the different major cities in each state and region to help you choose where to settle.

 

Australian Capital Territory (ACT)

 
Capital: Canberra
Australian Capital Territory Which State is Best for Migration: Comparing Australian States Where it Matters

Image Credit: Australia Tour

Population: 387,000
Geography:   ACT has a total landmass of 2,358 sqm and is home to Australia’s capital. It is located in the south east of NSW, west of the Great Dividing Range.
Climate
ACT experiences 4 distinct seasons. It has a dry continental climate with warm summers and cool winters.In summer max temperature is 28c and lowest 13c while in winter, it can be as cold as 0c -12c in July.
Attraction
Canberra is the national capital and the centre of government.Canberra lies on the ancient lands of the Indigenous Ngunnawal people, and its name is thought to mean ‘meeting place’, from the Aboriginal word ‘Kamberra’.   It is home to important national institutions, including the Australian Parliament and the High Court of Australia.   Other famous places are Lake Burley Griffin, National Gallery of Australia, Yarralumla (governor-general’s residence).
Jobs and Industry
Public administration and safety, Australian Defence Force, Software vendors
Unemployment Rate
ACT’s unemployment rate is improving at 4.9 percent.
Average Income
The average income is $60,987 with an average monthly disposable salary after tax deduction is $5,221.33.
House and Property Prices
$511,820 (2009) median house price, $410 per week unit rent $460 median housing rent (2014)
Schools and Universities
Autralian National University and University of Canberra
Crime rate
The highest crime in ACT during the first quarter of the year is related to burglary, theft, and robbery with 2,775 reported cases.   Homicide reports were only down at 3. According to the website numbeo.com, crime index perceived in Canberra is set to 28.82 while safety index is at 71.18.
 

New South Wales (NSW)

 
Capital: Sydney
New South Wales Which State is Best for Migration: Comparing Australian States Where it Matters

Image Credit: DagsGuide

Population: 4.293 M
Geography:   NSW has a total land mass of 800,642 square kilometresNew South Wales (NSW) is located in the south-east of the country, north of Victoria and south of Queensland.   Other major cities are New Castle and Wollongong.
Climate
Humid, subtropical climate with a max temperature of 26c and can drop to 19c during summer. Winter temperature range from 7c-17c in July.
Attraction
NSW is Australia’s oldest state and was originally a penal colony.It is the most populated state with a third of Australians living here.   Sydney is also Australia’s largest city.   The famous Opera House, Harbour Bridge, Darling Harbour, The Rocks, Olympic Park, Blue Mountains, naational partks, fishing, wineries, surf beaches are all sights to see in this bustling city.
Jobs and Industry
Sydney is the largest city in the whole Australia and major businesses and companies are found here.Industries like Financial and Insurance Services, Professional Services, Healthcare, Retail services, Manufacturing, Education and Training, Construction, Financial and Tourism Services, Creative and Technology sectors are booming in this part of the world.   Also, agriculture, coal, and tourism is a great help in NSW’s local economy. Occupations of Sydneysiders are professionals, clerical and admin workers, managers, technicians, trade and sales workers.
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment rate as of September 2015 is 5.9 percent.
Average Income
The average income for Sydneysiders amount to $57,612 while $46,514 other areas outside the city.The monthly disposable salary after tax in Sydney is $4,508.57.
House and Property Prices
Median house price in 2014 is $630,000 with a median weekly rent of $450.
Schools and Universities
There are several Public universities in Sydney including: University of Sydney. University of Technology, University of New South Wales, Macquarie University, University of Western Sydney and Australian Catholic University
Crime Rate
According to Sydney Morning Herald, the highest number of incidents of major crime in 2013-2014 was damage to property at 144,284. Crime index perceived in Sydney is an average of 43.87 with a moderate safety index,of 56.13.
 

Northern Territory (NT)

 
Capital: Darwin
Northern Territory Which State is Best for Migration: Comparing Australian States Where it Matters

Image Credit: DagsGuide

Population: 240, 759 in whole NT, 136, 245 in Darwin
Geography:   NT is 1,349,129 square kilometres in size.   It is bordered by three different states on it’s west, south and east – Western Australia, South Australia, and Queensland respectively.   North of NT is the Timor Sea, Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Carpentatia. Alice Springs, the geographical heart of Australia, belong to this territory.
Climate
The northern end of NT including Darwin has a tropical climate with high humidity. October to April NT experiences a wet season while May to September is the dry season.   Average maximum temperature in the northern tip is 33.2c. The central region of NT is the desert centre of the country. This area is semi-arid with little rain and maximum temperature of 36.3c.
Attraction
NT is closest to Asian countries like Indonesia and East Timor, this fact makes NT an important gateway of the country. NT is the home of famous natural wonders like the Uluru (Ayers Rock), Devil’s Marbles, Kata Tjuta National Park.
Jobs and Industry
NT’s economy depends on mining of energy producing minerals, petroleum, natural gas, metal ores and concentrates, other manufacturing, and agriculture.In Darwin, mining of gold, zinc, bauxite, manganese, uranium and many others. Also oil and natural gas from Timor sea.   Tourism and other port related businesses are also expected to grow and contribute to the economy.
Unemployment Rate
The unemployment rate is at 4.9 percent according to a September 2015 record.
Average Income
The average income of $55,788 is given to people working in Darwin while those outside the city can expect an average of $54,082. Darwin dwellers can expect an estimate of a monthly disposable salary after tax deduction at $4,900.00.
House and Property Prices
Owning an apartment in Darwin costs 4,133.33 while only 2,727.67 per sqm outside the city. Renting a 1 bedroom apartment in city centre is 2,098.15 and 1,903.80 outside the city centre
Schools and Universities
Charles Darwin University
Crime Rate
Unfortunately, the Northern Territory has the highest crime rate in all Australia. Darwin’s level of crime is at 62.50 usually alcohol induced or related to property crimes such as vandalism and theft.   Crime index perception is a high 53.32 while safety is set below at 46.68.
 

Queensland (QLD)

 
Capital: Brisbane
Queensland Which State is Best for Migration: Comparing Australian States Where it Matters

Image Credit: TheRedish

Population: The whole state houses 4,656,803 with almost half of them (2,238,394) living in Brisbane.
Geography:   QLD is the second largest state measuring 1,730,649 square kilometers. It is located in the north-eastern corner of the continent.   Northern Territory is it’s neighbor to the west, South Australia in the south west and New South Wales to its south.   The east of Queensland is facing the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. QLD’s location and weather gave it the nickname of Australia’s Sunshine State.   Other major cities in QLD are the Gold Coast, Ipswich and Cairns.
Climate
Due to the size and scope of Queensland, there are 5 predominant climactic zones within it:   1. Hot humid summer and warm dry winter in far north and coastal areas 2. Warm humid summer and mild dry winter in coastal elevated areas and coastal south east 3. Hot dry summer and mild dry winter in central west and north-west 4. Hot dry summer and cool dry winter in southern inland 5. Warm humid summer and cold dry winter in elevated south-eastern areas   Much like the Philippines, QLD is prone to severe tropical cyclones. However, they have cooler temperatures – hottest temperature in Cairns (29c) and coldest is in Brisbane (15.7c).
Attraction
The Sunshine State did not get its moniker for nothing. Queenslanders enjoy more sunshine than any other Australian state – even in winter. This state is also home to the Great Barrier Reef, Sunshine Coast, Gold Coast, Australia Zoo and surf beaches, fishing, tropical islands, national parks and rainforests.
Jobs and Industry
QLD’s primary industry includes produce like banana, pineapple, peanuts, grains, sugar cane, cotton and wool and a variety of tropical and temperate fruits and vegetables.There are also wineries, cattle raising, and mining of bauxite, coal, silver, lead, zinc, gold and copper.Secondary industries are mostly for processing of the primary produce.   A third industry comes from retail trade and tourism.
Unemployment Rate
QLD has a 6.3, the second highest unemployment rate for 2015.
Average Income
An average of $52,171 for Brisbane employed individuals,while $49, 863 for those employed in other areas outside the city of Brisbane.   The monthly disposable salary after tax deduction is 4,227.16.
House and Property Prices
Housing prices in all of Australia are soaring, a one bedroom apartment rent in Brisbane would cost around 1,827.86 and 1,330.73 outside the city centre on average.   Owning an apartment per sqm in the city is 7,116.62 while only 5,242.80 per sqm outside the city.
Schools and Universities
Queensland has several tertiary institutions including: University of Queensland, James Cook University, Griffith University, Bond University, Queensland University of Technology, Central Queensland University, University of Southern Queensland, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australian Catholic University and Southern Cross University
Crime Rate
According to a report by ABC news, the highest crime in record was at 171,491 related to weapons offences while the lowest offence was homicide at 129.   Perceived crime index in Brisbane is a low 35.87 and a high 64.13 safety index.
 

South Australia (SA)

 
Capital: Adelaide
South Australia Which State is Best for Migration: Comparing Australian States Where it Matters

Image Credit: Australia Tour

Population: There are 1,670,827 people in South Australia.
Geography:   SA is the third largest state with,983,482 square kilometres.   All other states border around SA except of course for Tasmania and ACT. It was first established in 1836.
Climate
Most of SA experience an arid to semi arid climate except for the southern part which enjoys a Mediterranean climate. Temperature is at 29c in summer and 15c in winter however some parts can get as hot as 48c.
Attraction
Known as the festival state for its thriving arts scene creating 500 festivals each year. Kangaroo Island, Barossa & Clare Valley Vineyard, Flinders Range and Opals field are all found in this state.
Jobs and Industry
The economy of SA comes from industries producing meat and meat preparations, wheat, wine, wool and sheepskins, machinery, metal and metal manufactures, fish and crustaceans, road vehicles and parts, and petroleum products.In addition, half of the wine production is in SA’s Barossa valley, Clare valley. McLaran Vale, Coonwarra, Riverland, and Adelaide hills.   However, the largest employment sectors are in health care and social assistance followed by retail and manufacturing. Also Other industries, such as education and defence technology, are of growing importance
Unemployment Rate
SA suffers from the highest unemployment rate at 7.7 percent
Average Income
Employment in Adelaide will earn an average of $47, 862 and,$46,551 other areas outside the city. SA people will have an estimate of an average monthly disposable salary after tax deduction of $4,489.53.
House and Property Prices
One of the lowest priced houses and apartments are found in SA. The rent of a one bedroom apartment in Adelaide is 1,405.56 and 931.93 outside the city centre on average.   Owning an apartment per sqm in the city is 5,340.00 while only 3,900.00 per sqm outside the city
Schools and Universities
Public: University of Adelaide, Flinders University of South Australia and University of South Australia.
Crime Rate
A May 2013 record shows that the highest record of crime in South Australia was 10,340 for serious criminal residential trespassing followed by common assault at 6,781.Murder crimes are the lowest in number with only 25 cases.   According to Numbeo crime index perception,in Adelaide is set to 40.64 while safety index is at 59.36.
 

Tasmania (TAS)

 
Capital: Hobart
Tasmania Which State is Best for Migration: Comparing Australian States Where it Matters

Image Credit: Free World Maps

Population: There are only 513,159 people in whole of Tasmania and 217,973 of them are in Hobart
Geography:   TAS measures just 68,401 square kilometers and is bound by the Indian ocean on the west, Storm Bay on the south, Tasmanian sea on the east and separated with the rest of the continent by Bass strait.
Climate
Tasmania’s proximity from Antartica makes it the coolest state in Australia. Hobart’s hottest temperature ranges from 12C-21C in the summer.   TAS has snowfall in it’s mountains during winter and temperature is at a cold 12C to 5C. The west coast of TAS experiences the most rainfall.
Attraction
Hobart was a penal colony in 1804. It is the second oldest capital city after Sydney. It is separated from mainland Australia by Bass Strait and is the smallest state in Australia. One-fifth of TAS is covered by national parks and wilderness areas.   “It is one of the world’s most mountainous islands whose geology reflects Australia’s connection millions of years ago with Antarctica.”   Here you’ll find the Tasmanian Devil, Port Arthur convict settlement, mountain landscapes.
Jobs and Industry
TAS economy is goes up and down with the trends.Traditionally, mining of copper, zinc, tin and iron together with agriculture, foresty, and tourism was the life of this little island. In 1940-50, hydro-industrialisation took hold and gave birth to Hydro Tasmania.   A decline in some of TAS produce during the 60s-70s brought about new crops and industries for products like wine, saffron, pyrethrum and cherries. By 2001, a favorable market gave significant improvement in the economy, together with cheaper air fares and availability of ferries. People on the island are employed mostly in local governments.
Unemployment Rate
There is a 6 percent unemployment rate on the island.
Average Income
An average of $45,671 can be gained for employed people in Hobart and $43,521 other areas outside the city. An average of monthly disposable salary after tax deduction is $3,380.00
House and Property Prices
TAS housing were found to be undervalued. After assessment, housing cost rose at par with other Australian states. A one bedroom apartment for rent in city centre is 1,330.00 and 1036.00 outside the city centre. Owning an apartment per sqm in the city is 3964.00 while only 3,000.00 per sqm outside the city.
Schools and Universities
University of Tasmania
Crime Rate
In 2014, Tasmania has the lowest crime rate in all Australia with 51 serious crime per 100,000 people. ABC News reported that crimes related to domestic violence in Hobart had risen to 2,600 According to Numbeo crime index in Hobart is set to a mere 26.55 while safety index is at 73.45
 

Victoria (VIC)

 
Capital: Melbourne
Victoria Which State is Best for Migration: Comparing Australian States Where it Matters

Image Credit: WorldGuides

Population: Melbourne’s population is 4,347,955 people while the rest of Victoria houses 1,391,386
Geography:   Victoria is only 227,416 kilometres. It is located south of New South Wales and east of South Australia.   Victoria is the smallest but most densely populated state.
Climate
Other areas in Victoria experience a different climate ranging from semi-arid temperate with hot summers in the north-west, to temperate and cool along the coast.   Going south in Melbourne, Victoria is said to have “four seasons in a day” as it can be chilly in one morning and warm at night or vice versa. Summer in Melbourne is 25.8c and can drop to 14c while winters start at 14c to a 7c.   Going north of Victoria means drier and warmer weather. Hottest temperature is recorded in Mildura was 32.8C, it can cool down to15.4C.
Attraction
The Gold Rush era of the 1950s made Melbourne one of the wealthiest cities.   Melbourne is also the cultural capital of Australia. It is the birthplace of Australian film, television, art, dance and music. It has a reputation for cultural diversity, great food and excellent entertainment.   Melbourne holds the title of the Most Livable City for 5 years in a row.   Victorians love for sport is also legendary. Melbourne is also frequented by tourist to see Phillip Island Nature Park, Federation Square, Melbourne Cup Horse Race, Melbourne Cricket Ground.
Jobs and Industry
As the second largest economy, it holds a quarter of the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP).   The numbers came from industries in finance, insurance, and property services.   The biggest employers are in the community, social and personal services sector. Industries that helped in the rise of Victoria’s economy are agriculture, manufacturing, mining, service industry, and tourism.
Unemployment Rate
Victoria experiences a 6.2 percent unemployment rate.
Average Income
Victorian’s average income is $43, 072 while those in Melbourne enjoys almost $9000 more ($52, 470). On the average, Melbournians enjoy a monthly disposable salary after tax deduction of $4,240.24
House and Property Prices
Melbourne’s housing prices are sky high.   Renting a one-bedroom apartment in city centre is $1,662.88 and $1,278.89 outside the city centre.   If you wish to own an apartment you need an average of $8,120 per sqm in the city and $ 6,406.36 per sqm outside the city.
Schools and Universities
University of Melbourne, Monash University, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Deakin University, La Trobe University, Swinburne University of Technology and Victoria University
Crime Rate
The criminal offense in Victoria was at 456,381 in 2014 with family violence on the rise at 68,000 recorded cases.   Still, the perception of crime index in Melbourne is set at 35.83 while safety index is at 64.17.
 

Western Australia (WA)

 
Capital: Perth
Western Australia Which State is Best for Migration: Comparing Australian States Where it Matters

Image Credit: DagsGuide

Population: 2,519,321 people populates Western Australia
Geography:   Largest state measuring 529, 875 square kilometers.   WA was so far from the rest of Australia that commodity prices were ridiculous a few years back.It’s land neighbors are Northern Territory and South Australia.   West side of the state is the Indian Ocean, north is Timor Sea and south is the Great Australian Bight and Southern Ocean.   This makes WA’s east mostly desert while the west is bounded by almost 13000 kilometres of pristine coastline.
Climate
The huge state has a diverse climate but it is mostly hot. The hottest place in all of Australia, Marble Bar is found here with 40c temperature form October to March. Going south, WA offers a Mediterranean climate of 29c high in summer and it can cool to a comfortable 17c.   Winters are generally mild but wet.Moving up north, is the outback with temperatures commonly hitting 40c by day and drop at 0 by night time.
Attraction
Gold. Found in WA in the 1890s. Also, Wave Rock near Hyden, Margaret River wine and cave region, Surfing, Kalgoorlie goldfields.
Jobs and Industry
Western Australia’s economy hugely benefits from mining and processing of a variety of mineral and petroleum commodities. Agricultural production, although highly seasonal, is a major contributor to the state and national economy.   The state also produces barely, peas, wool, lamb and beef. In addition, about half of Australia’s live cattle exports come from Western Australia. The largest oil refinery is also here in WA in Kwinana.   “It produces petrol and diesel for local consumption, along with iron, alumina, and nickel processing plants, port facilities for grain exports, and support industries for mining and petroleum such as heavy and light engineering, and metal fabrication.”   On the other hand, Henderson is host to industries involved in shipbuilding (e.g. Austal Ships) and associated support industries.Industries such as cement and building product manufacturing, flour milling, food processing, animal feed production, automotive body building, and printing are considered secondary industries in WA. Also putting in revenue is tourism, and the fishing industry.
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment rate of 6.1 percent.
Average Income
The average income in Perth is $58,181 and $57,365 other areas outside the city. An average monthly disposable salary after tax is $4,112.88
House and Property Prices
Housing in WA is the second highest after NSW and continues to be a problem. Owning an apartment in the city would cost $ 7,851.17 per sqm and $5,200 per sqm outside the city.   You can rent a,one- bedroom apartment in city centre at $1,836.00 and $1,426.29 outside the city centre.
Schools and Universities
Unversity of Western Australia, Curtin University, Edith Cowan University, Murdoch University and the University of Notre Dame.
Crime Rate
Western Australia is experiencing an increase in crime rate to what police believe as an effect of alcohol abuse, methylamphetamine use, domestic tension, smaller dwelling spaces, fly-in, fly-out mining. These factors increased cases by 2,300 more than last year.The crime index in Perth is perceived at 47.05 with 52.95 safety index.
 

Wherever you decide to stay in Australia do find out the job market, and cost of living.

 

It is also advisable to consider where relatives and friends are staying. It can help give a sense of security that someone is close by for help and support.

  Special thanks to paul bica for the main image.
Rica J

I am a mother, a wife and a technology loving Filipina who loves reading hi-fiction books (dragons!) , good stories, dancing, laughter, lying on the grass and eating balut. I am born and raised in the Philippines and now resides in Australia but finds myself in the Philippines for at least 3 months a year. I am part of the Filipino Australian Community and have been living between Australia and the Philippines since 2007.

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